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Info Sheet PDF
Bottle Tree

Brachychiton populneus

Mature Height*: 

25-50 ft

Mature Width*: 

20-50 ft

USDA Hardiness Zone Range:

9 to 11

Hardy to: 


Water Requirements: 

Drought Tolerant

Shade Requirements:

Full Sun

Native to:

Eastern Australia

Brachychiton populneus, commonly known as the Australian Bottle Tree or Kurrajong, presents an appealing option for landscape architects and designers seeking a distinctive and visually captivating tree species. With its unique bottle-shaped trunk, ornamental foliage, and adaptability, this Australian native adds character and charm to a variety of landscape designs.

Origin and Adaptability:

Originating from Australia, the Bottle Tree is a hardy and adaptable species well-suited for diverse landscape environments. Its iconic swollen trunk, resembling a bottle, serves as a focal point in designs, evoking a sense of uniqueness and exotic beauty.

Architectural Form and Foliage:

Brachychiton populneus exhibits a striking, bottle-shaped trunk that stores water, allowing the tree to withstand periods of drought. This tree is a small to medium-sized tree. The glossy, dark green leaves are typically elliptical, providing an attractive contrast to the unusual trunk form. Designers can use the tree's distinct silhouette to create bold visual statements within their landscapes.

Floral Display and Growth Speed:

During the warmer months, the ornamental Bottle Tree produces clusters of bell-shaped, cream-colored flowers. These flowers, while not always conspicuous, add a subtle ornamental element to the tree. In terms of growth, Brachychiton populneus is considered a moderate to fast grower, allowing designers to plan for relatively swift establishment and development in their projects.

Light Requirements and Drought Tolerance:

The Australian Bottle Tree thrives in full sun to partial shade, making it versatile for various design scenarios. Its ability to endure periods of drought adds to its appeal for water-wise landscape designs, contributing to the creation of resilient and sustainable outdoor spaces.

Cultural Significance and Local Context:

The Australian Bottle Tree has been extensively utilized by various Australian Aboriginal clans and tribes across Australia. The tree serves many cultural purposes. Its seeds, housed in seed pods, were commonly extracted, purified of the delicate hairs within the pods, and subjected to roasting. Extracting water from the tree roots involved boring a hole in the trunk and compressing the wood. Historical accounts mention the transformation of seed pods into children's rattles or toys. The pliable, porous wood found utility in crafting shields, while the bark was employed for its fibrous properties. In times of drought, the leaves functioned as emergency fodder for livestock. European settlers also documented instances of employing the seeds as a coffee substitute through roasting and grinding.

Wildlife Support:

While not primarily known for attracting wildlife, the Bottle Tree's structure and foliage can provide habitat and shade for birds and other small creatures. Its unique trunk shape also contributes to the overall ecological diversity of the designed space.

Challenges and Considerations:

Designers should consider the mature size and space requirements of Brachychiton populneus when integrating it into landscapes. The bottle-shaped trunk may need ample space to be showcased effectively, and its relatively fast growth rate should be considered when planning for long-term design objectives. The Kurrajong tree is a host plant to the smooth-stemmed mistletoe, Dendrophthoe glabrescens.

Integration into Landscape Designs:

With its distinctive form, adaptability, and moderate to fast growth, the Australian Bottle Tree seamlessly integrates into a variety of landscape designs. It can be used as a standalone specimen tree, part of a mixed planting, or in avenues to create a memorable and unique aesthetic impact.

Designing with Bottle Trees:

Landscape architects can leverage the unique characteristics of Brachychiton populneus to create visually engaging and memorable landscapes in the American Southwest. Whether employed in residential gardens, public spaces, or commercial projects, the Australian Bottle Tree adds an element of exotic charm and resilience to outdoor environments.

For landscape architects and designers, Brachychiton populneus offers an opportunity to incorporate an iconic Australian tree that combines distinctive form with adaptability, contributing effectively to the creation of visually striking and resilient outdoor spaces.

*Height and width estimated for growth in the Tucson, AZ area. True sizes may vary.

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